The process by which blood clots in our body and helps us to prevent a lot of blood loss when an artery or vein gets pricked, resulting in its breakage, is known as blood coagulation or simply coagulation. There are millions of blood vessels in our body. Even if a single blood vessel gets cut, pierced or experiences trauma, it results in immediate loss of blood. In order to prevent this from happening, the body’s natural response is to coagulate blood so that the bleeding stops.
The components which are essential to help our blood to coagulate are all present in the blood. This complex process needs a number of proteins along with its enzymes and cofactors to communicate on the surface of the membrane. They get activated when a tissue gets injured. The blood coagulates after a complicated chemical reaction takes place. The platelets around the injured vessel get together, stick on the sides of the cut and start coagulating.
This ability of the blood to form a clot in order to stop the bleeding is very vital for the body. If the blood does not coagulate, a person experiencing even a small cut or wound would die within minutes due to continuous bleeding.
However some blood clots can prove to be dangerous for the body and may need to be treated effectively. If a clot travels to any of our major organs they can cause severe damage to that organ and even result in death. Thus, it becomes important to treat blood coagulation.
Treatments Method For Coagulation
Blood Cell Transfusion
The blood cells or other products of the blood are taken from one person and transferred into the circulatory system of another patient. This is done to replace the existing blood in the receiver’s body which gets lost due to excessive bleeding.
It is also needed to take the place of those clotting factors which have been used up by the receiver’s body. These are life-saving techniques. This kind of a treatment is opted for when a person experiences a major accident or trauma or is undergoing a surgery in which he may lose a lot of blood.
Blood thinners are also known as anticoagulants. They are one of the best ways to treat coagulation of blood. They stop the formation of blood clots and contain the already existing blood clots so that they do not become bigger in size. These medications are available in pill form or can be injected in the skin.
Another method to give this medicine is by inserting a needle into the patient’s vein. This method is known as intravenous injection. The most common type of blood thinners are heparin and warfarin. Warfarin tablets are taken orally whereas heparin is injected into the patient’s body intravenously.
Heparin works much faster than warfarin and some patients are given both the medicines at the same time. It is important to remember that pregnant women should not be given warfarin as it is capable of harming the fetus.
Medicines which help to dissolve the coagulated blood in our body are known as clot busters or thrombolytic agents. However, in doing so they may cause bleeding in the patient’s body. There are two types of blood clots in our body, one which is a good clot like that which seals a weak artery in our body and the other being a dangerous clot which can cause a stroke in our brain.
These clot busters dissolve any kind of blood clot they come across and cannot differentiate between a good clot and a dangerous clot. This is the reason why clot busters are not given to patient’s quickly. These clot busters are only used to remove huge clots in the body which cannot be removed otherwise.
Nowadays, many doctors around the world are using a new method to cure coagulation of blood. This process involves the use of tiny tools that are joined to a tube known as catheter. The catheter is very thin and long in size.
This tool is then inserted into the patient’s body with the help of a small incision. It is guided to the site of the clot with the help of moving images. The arteries help the tool to move inside the body. Once the tool reaches the clot, it ejects out the clot dissolving medications over the clot so that it gets dissolved immediately.
When surgical intervention is required to remove the coagulated blood in a person’s body, the process is known as thrombectomy. Only expert surgeons and doctors are able to perform this surgery as it is a quite complicated and new type of treatment.
If the clot is considered to be a potential threat to any of the vital organs in a patient’s body, then this method is used to remove the coagulated blood. Patients who undergo this kind of a surgery have to take bed rest for many days after the surgery is performed. It is only after complete recovery, that a patient is allowed to resume his day-to-day activities.
Along with these surgical and medical procedures, blood coagulation can also be treated in a number of natural ways which speed up the treatment. Ginger and garlic are considered to be some of the best ways to treat blood coagulation in a natural manner. It is advisable to cook food with good amount of ginger and garlic in them.
Ginger helps to prevent blood platelets from sticking together while garlic contains a component known as allicin which is a natural blood thinner. Food items like capsicum, pepper, banana, apricots, spinach and orange juice help to cure coagulation of blood and keep the blood pressure of a person in control.
They should be eaten on a regular basis to avoid blood from coagulating easily. Also turmeric should be included in all food items in good quantities as it prevents the platelets form sticking together and coagulating blood. Some of the best natural ways to treat coagulation of blood is by walking regularly; avoid smoking and keeping your body weight in check.
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